top of page

Beginner's Guide to Caring for Chickens: Tips for Happy and Healthy Flocks!

A chicken sitting on an egg in a nesting box
A mother hen and her potential chicks

Raising chickens can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience, whether you're interested in having a fresh supply of eggs, providing your family with organic meat, or simply enjoying the company of these charming birds. However, caring for chickens requires attention to detail and a commitment to their well-being. In this beginner's guide, we'll go over some of the essential aspects of chicken care so you can rest assured that your feathered friends lead happy and healthy lives.


Setting Up a Cozy Coop

chicken coop built by Rustic Ranch USA
A beautiful quality crafted chicken coop with run by Rustic Ranch USA

The first step in caring for chickens is providing them with a suitable living environment. When a chicken coop is being designed, there are two major variable that must be addressed. That's the weather and any other critters that would like to chow down on your flock. Here's what you need to consider:

1. Space Requirements

Provide at least 2-3 square feet of space per chicken inside the coop. Additionally, allow for outdoor space, known as a run, where the chickens can roam and scratch. Aim for at least 8-10 square feet per chicken in the run. Be sure the run is secure and doesn't allow any access to the inside of the run.

Keep in mind that a any animal looking to get into that coop will take whatever means possible to do so. Even digging under the walls of the run. So, it's important to think of creative ways to deter them from doing so.

2. Ventilation and Light

Good ventilation prevents the buildup of moisture and ammonia fumes. Install windows and vents that can be opened and closed as needed. Natural light is important for the chickens' health, so ensure the coop has windows or light sources.

3. Roosts and Nesting Boxes

Chickens need roosting bars to sleep comfortably at night. Provide about 8-10 inches of roosting space per bird. Nesting boxes are essential for egg-laying hens. Aim for one box for every 3-4 hens.

a custom built chicken coop by Rustic Ranch USA

Nutritional Needs

chicken feed
A quality chicken feed is essential to raising healthy hens and proper egg production.

Proper nutrition is vital for the overall health and egg production of your chickens. A balanced diet provides the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. You have a few options:

1. Commercial Feeds

High-quality commercial feeds are formulated to meet the dietary requirements of different life stages. Choose feeds that are appropriate for your chickens' age (starter, grower, layer, etc.).

2. Supplements

While commercial feeds cover most nutritional needs, supplementing with kitchen scraps, grains, and greens is beneficial. Avoid feeding them processed foods, citrus fruits, and anything toxic to chickens.

3. Fresh Water

Always provide clean, fresh water. Chickens need water to stay hydrated and aid in digestion.

Health and Hygiene

a clean chicken coop
As with all livestock shelters, a clean living area should be one of your main concerns.

Maintaining the health of your chickens is a top priority. Regular care and observation can help prevent and address health issues:

1. Regular Check-ups

Inspect your chickens daily for signs of illness, injury, or abnormal behavior. Common signs of illness include lethargy, reduced appetite, disheveled feathers, and changes in droppings.

2. Parasite Control

Implement a parasite control program to prevent infestations of mites, lice, and worms. Keep the coop and nesting areas clean.

3. Biosecurity

Practice good biosecurity to prevent the introduction of diseases. Limit visitors to your flock, and quarantine new birds before introducing them to the existing flock.

Social Well-being

chickens roosting
Birds of a feather, bawk together.

Chickens are social animals and thrive in the company of their flock. Here's how to promote their social well-being:

1. Flock Dynamics

Chickens establish a pecking order. Minor squabbles are normal, but if aggression becomes excessive, monitor and intervene if necessary.

2. Entertainment

Provide enrichment activities like dust-bathing areas, perches, and hanging treats. Chickens love to scratch, explore, and take dust baths to keep themselves clean.

Weather Considerations

storm clouds over a field
Harsh weather conditions can cause stress that leads to illness in livestock

Chickens are adaptable creatures, but they need protection from extreme weather conditions:

1. Cold Weather

Insulate the coop to keep it warm during colder months. Provide extra bedding for insulation and ensure there are no drafts. Heat lamps and water heaters can also help fight the cold and keep water from freezing solid.

2. Hot Weather

Ensure your chickens have access to shade and plenty of fresh, cool water during hot weather. Ventilation in the coop is essential to prevent heat stress. You can install a fan to help keep air from getting stagnant.


the basics of chicken care

feeding the chickens
You're ready to get started!

Caring for chickens requires a combination of knowledge, dedication, and a genuine love for these unique creatures. By providing them with a comfortable living environment, a balanced diet, regular health check-ups, and plenty of social interaction, you'll be well on your way to having a happy and thriving flock.

As you gain experience, you'll develop a deeper understanding of your chickens' individual needs, leading to a more fulfilling and enjoyable journey in raising these wonderful birds.


bottom of page